Animal Farm - By George Orwell

In order to understand this text you are going to need to understand a few literary terms and a bit about the writer. The first section of the book covers what prompted him to write the book as well as the diffciulty he had getting it published. It also discusses why it became so popular.

Take a look at this link to information about George Orwel which explores his travel during war times and the like.

What sort of novel it this? What are its key elements - take a look here

Free study guide on Animal Farm here and here at Cliffs notes you will find interpretations that may get you thinking

Top 10 Quotes and online study guide

Vocab List

Animal Farm TV series Trailers on You tube - a search on You Tube will bring you more
Animal farm audio book On You tibe

Discussion Guide for reading groups

Some new language for you to grasp

The text is Allegorical. This means

Of or relating to the interpretation of allegory, a form of stable symbolism and extended metaphor such that there is a one-to-one correspondence between concrete text and abstract subtext. The characters, events, and setting on the literal level of the narrative correspond to ideas and concepts -- political, philosophical, theological, historical -- on the symbolic level. The levels referred to in the interpretation of scriptural and allegorical texts are fourfold: literal or historical meaning, the level of immediate narrative and reference; allegorical meaning, the level of reference to Christian doctrine, often involving the sense in which Old Testament episodes correspond to New Testament truth; tropological meaning, the level of reference to moral truth; and anagogic meaning, the level of reference to Christian eschatology (death, judgment, heaven, hell) and to mystical and spiritual significances. For example, literally, Jerusalem is a city; allegorically, it is the Church; tropologically, it is the faithful believer; and anagogically, it is the City of God.

It contains criticism of Ideologies


A set of beliefs, attitudes, values, and ideas that characterizes the consciousness of a class at a given historical moment. This set is determined by social, economic, and historical factors. According to Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, any ideological superstructure derives from a material infrastructure or economic base.

There is a great use of Rhetoric by the animals to convince everyone to agree with what was happening


From Aristotle (in Poetics and Rhetoric) to the present day, the art of persuading an audience (and, by extension, a reading audience), traditionally by means of oratorical (later, literary) devices used to emotional as well as intellectual effect: emphasis, juxtaposition, structure, figures of speech, and so on. The word derives from the Greek for one who practiced the art of public speaking, a rhetor. In the classical sense, rhetoric can be equated with oratory -- a skill in which proficiency was essential to the success of the Greek and later the Roman citizen-politician. A public discourse consisted of three parts: the invention (arguments, proofs), disposition (their arrangement within the discourse), and style (such as figures of speech or sentence structure). Three types of discourse were identified for different purposes: deliberative (to persuade an audience for or against a matter of policy), forensic (to persuade for or against a person's actions), and epideictic (to praise or blame, or to expand upon a point by means of a display of rhetorical virtuosity). The most famous classical rhetoricians include Plato (in Phaedrus), Aristotle (Rhetoric), Cicero (De oratore and Oratore, among other works), Quintilian (Institutio oratoria), and Longinus (On the Sublime). Rhetoric survived in the Middle Ages as one of the seven liberal arts, transmitted by such figures as Saint Augustine and Geoffrey of Vinsauf. Its modern association with written as opposed to spoken discourse came to full flowering in the Renaissance, when invention and disposition came under the purview of the philosophy of dialectics, and style, now the sole realm of rhetoric, was divided into "elocution" (devices, ornaments) and "pronunciation" (oral delivery). Rhetoric today retains its association with public speaking as well as literature, with the emphasis on figures of speech.

This novel is also make use of satire - what is satirised? Take this link for a definitional and discussion

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