oscar_woomera.jpg
Woomera detention center

SBS Exit Australia Simulation


Go to the school library webpage - research guides - and downlod the study guide for this text.
Explore issues related to the Woomera detention center via links below. Note - sites of a 'protesting' nature will have a bias in their reporting.
Check notes and links in Ms G's Encountering Conflict Live Binder. Create one of your own and share it!
The AGE VCE guide: Encountering Conflict

How effective is protesting as a method for dealing with conflict? What various forms does 'protesting' take?

Resolving conflict - even in a small way - the parable of The Starfish

Fact Sheet 82: Immigration Detention in Australia - Government Website

Immigration detention statistics

The table below is the total number of people held in immigration detention.
Year
No. of people
1997–98
2716
1998–99
3574
1999–00
8205
2000–01
7881
2001–02
7808
2002–03
6602
2003–04
6196
2004–05
7410
2005–06
6510
2006–07
4718
2007–08
4514
Source: Departmental systems
Statistics for the number of people held in each of the immigration detention centres are updated weekly and are available online. (NB when I looked they were 'temporarily unavailable'....) I also note this data is up to 2008 - and does not reflect the rise in detainees causing issues in 2010-2011.

Refugee Council of Australia

From the author of Blind Conscience - website

Insight study guide on the text - download here
2011 - Mandatory Detention is still an Issue
2011 government policy debate
Human Rights ComissionThursday, 17 March 2011

Time to rethink our mandatory detention system

The Australian Human Rights Commission has expressed concern about the incidents on Christmas Island over the past few days, during which tear gas and ‘bean-bag bullets’ were used against asylum-seekers in immigration detention, as well as incidents in other detention facilities.
Commission President and Human Rights Commissioner Catherine Branson QC said the ongoing nature of the incidents, including the reported use of tear gas again last night, was particularly disturbing.
“These incidents highlight the urgent need for the Australian Government to reconsider the system of mandatory and indefinite detention,” Ms Branson said.
“The Commission is seriously troubled by the deteriorating situation in immigration detention facilities on Christmas Island and across the mainland.
“There are thousands of people being held in immigration detention facilities across Australia, many of whom have been held for six months or more,” she said.
“It’s particularly concerning that there are hundreds of people who have already been recognised as refugees but are still being held in detention while waiting for security clearances.
“People are being held in detention for long periods of time, without any certainty about when they might be released. We know from past history in Australia, that this can have devastating impacts on people’s mental health and general wellbeing.
“The Commission has recommended for more than two years now that the Government stop holding people in detention on Christmas Island. Conditions have worsened over this time as overcrowding has increased,” she said.
“Australia’s system of mandatory and indefinite immigration detention was one of the key concerns raised by the international community during the recent United Nations Universal Periodic Review of Australia’s human rights record,” Ms Branson said.
“The Government should implement the risk-based approach to detention it announced in 2008.
“People should only be held in immigration detention if there is a risk that justifies detaining them. If no such risk exists, they should be allowed to reside in community-based alternatives to detention while their refugee claims are processed.”
Up to the minute information on human rights is now available on twitter at twitter.com/AusHumanRights.
Differing views
Matilda Crikey

NEW! Taliban presence in Afghanistan Map map- 2010 Thanks to Rhiannon and Nick
The freedom bus
This bus travelled Australia, protesting the treatment of refugees in the woomera detention center.
Australian Human rights commission
Safety of children in detentionSafety of children in detention
Questions and answers about refugees questions and answers
2005 factual data on refugees and defining key terms.
Self harm in Woomera self harm
Report outlining the issues of self harm in Woomera.
Refugees break out of Woomera with assistance of protesters breakout
The refugees and supporters of them felt they were being severely mistreated. The breakout was part of an averall campaign to keep media attention on their plight and make the Australian Government meet its human rights obligations.
The hunger strike as a means of protest hunger strike
This page lists the statement and links to the lists of names and comments sent to us, while it also includes some news about this hungerstrike.
Najaf's MAZAR fund site
BBC website Timeline of conflict in Afghanistan

A more detailed timeline here that is focussed purely on the Taliban
Taliban History - Life, death and the Taliban -Includes Video footage -
NOTE - In looking at sources be aware and critical of the potential for bias, misinformation and gaps in reports. There is no doubt there was a massacre in Mazar e Sharif - but some pages will be less reliable resources than others on what actually took place. The same goes for all pages that recount military conflicts that do not have to be 'accountable' for their information sources.

Massacre in Mazar e Sharif The Sunday Times , Nov.1,1998//Article//
Page herePhotos of life in Mazar e Sharif under Taliban
Information about the city of Mazar-e-Sharif here
Another view of the massacre of Hazara people here
complexity of war in Afghanistan (and an argument about the pointlessness of PowerPoint!)
Article about Najaf Mazari - at the website of his Traditional Afghan Rug shop - by Yvonne lawrence
About us - on the same website
the History page is also interesting

Audio Interview with Mazari and Hillman at Pool an ABC site

Photos of Mazari - google images

Book review- The Age

Article by lea Jones

extract of key moments in the text -
refugee resources
Refugees International
UN refugee video channel on youtube UNfugee
Refugee statistics - graphic presentation Good
The road to refuge - BBC site about refugees
Pakistans Invisible refugees - slideshow NYTimes
Afghanistan timeline
1919 - regained independence after a third war with British forces
1933 – Zahir Shah becomes king – aged 19. Afghanistan remains a monarchy for 40 yrs
1953 – Gen Mohammed Daud Khan Cousing of the king become PM and turns to Soviets for economic and military assistance
1978 – Khan killed in a coup by leftist People’s democratic party. Nur Mohammed Taraki takes power. (communist) Conservative Islamic and ethnic leaders begin armed revolt
1979 – USSR invades to bolster faltering communist regime
1980 – Peoples democratic party Parcham faction leader Babrak Kamal installed as ruler – soviet backed – Anti regime resistance intensifies. US, Pakistan, China, Iran and Saudi Arabia supply support
1985 – 1/2 the population displaced by war
1986 – US begins supplying mujahedin (Muslim rebels) with missiles to shoot down Soviet Helicopters. Mohammed Najibullah Ahmadzai becomes leader.
1988 – Afghanistan, USSR, USA and Paskistan sign peace accords and Soviets begin pulling out troops
1991 – US and USSR agree to end military aid to both sides
1992 – Najibullah flees rebels and is trapped in a UN compound in Kabul for 4 yrs until captured and executed by Taliban
1993 – Mujahedin factions form government Burhanuddin Rabbani as president
1996 – Taliban seixe control of Kabul. Introduce hard line Islam- ban women from work. Introduction of Islamic punishments. Rabbani flees to join anti Taliban northern alliances.
1997 – Taliban recognized as legitimate rulers by Pakistan and S. Arabia – most others see rabbani as head of state
1998 – US launches missile attacks and suspected bases of Osama Bin Laden
1999 – UN enforces an air embargo and financial sanctions to force Afghanistan to hand over Bin Laden
2001 – After Sept 11 attacks (2000) The coalition of the willing launch airstrikes to destroy Bin Laden
2001 Dec 16th – US declares al-Quaida has been destroyed. Hamid Kazai is sworn in as chairman of the interim government.

Anti War Poetry